Prostate Cancer Treatment

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Treating Prostate Cancer - Cutting-edge Treatment Methods

At Mojave Cancer Center we treat prostate cancer more effectively than ever using the latest technology to provide the most precise radiation treatment possible. Our board certified radiation oncologist, Dr. Munther Alqaisi, is an expert in the latest treatment methods for prostate cancer with over 30 years of experience.

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer among American men (excluding basal and squamous skin cancers). Prostate cancer occurs when a group of cancerous cells (a tumor) form, most often, in the back portion of the prostate. If left untreated, prostate cancer may spread or metastasize from the prostate to nearby lymph nodes, bones, or other organs. As a result of metastases, many men can experience aches and pains in the bones, pelvis, hips, ribs, and back.


You are at high risk for prostate cancer if one or more of the following factors applies to you:

  • African-American race
  • Increasing age
  • Family history of prostate cancer
  • A high-fat diet

Early detection offers the best opportunity for successful prostate cancer treatment.

Symptoms and Warning Signs

Often, there are no early warning signs of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer can go undetected for years without regular screening. In some cases, as the tumor grows it may exert pressure on the urethra, blocking the flow of urine from the bladder causing urinary symptoms. Occasionally the first warning sign may be blood in the urine.

Symptoms may not occur until the cancer has developed to an advanced stage.

Typical symptoms of prostate cancer:

  • NONE
  • Frequent urination (especially at night)
  • Weak urinary stream
  • Inability to urinate
  • Interruption of urinary stream (stopping and starting)
  • Pain or burning on urination
  • Blood in the urine or ejaculate
  • Bone pain in the hips, ribs or back
  • Back pain

HDR and LDR brachytherapy

With this innovative form of radiotherapy, radioactive sources are placed directly into (or near) the tumor. Once in place, the sources emit radiation continuously to the targeted site with reduced dose to surrounding healthy tissue.

We offer both high-dose-rate (HDR) and low-dose-rate (LDR) for different situations. With HDR brachytherapy, the radioactive source is used to give a high dose of radiation for up to a few minutes and is then withdrawn.

External Beam Radiation Therapy/Brachytherapy Seeds

Radiation therapy involves exposing cancer cells to high doses of radiation to kill the tumor. The most widely used types are external beam radiation therapy and internal radiation therapy (brachytherapy). External beam radiation therapy treats the prostate and other selected tissues with a carefully targeted beam of radiation administered from machines outside the body. The Brachytherapy or interstitial therapy procedure is where tiny radioactive seeds are implanted in the prostate through a surgical procedure. The newest technology for external beam radiation therapy is IGRT or image guided radiation therapy. Both IGRT and brachytherapy allow the physicians to increase the dose of radiation to the tumor and with a lower risk of damage to the tissues near the prostate (rectum, bladder and nerve supply). Higher doses of radiation are necessary when patients have intermediate and high risk disease. Sometimes your physician may recommend a combination of IGRT and brachytherapy. These recommendations are often made to patients with the highest risk prostate cancer.

Benefits of Radiation Over Surgery for Cancer of the Prostate


  • no chance of surgical infection
  • no anesthesia or complication from anesthesia
  • no chance of incontinence (leaking urine)
  • lowest chance of impotence compared to surgery
  • no down-time or time lost from work (surgical recovery can be up to 1 month)
  • minimal side effects

Most Frequent Side Effects from Radiation Treatment for Prostate Cancer


  • frequent urination
  • diarrhrea

For more specific information about prostate cancer and your specific situation, call us to schedule a consultation.

We use the latest radiology treatment equipment by Varian Medical Systems.
To learn more detailed information about External Beam Radiation Therapy (IGRT and IMRT) and treatment techniques visit the Varian Medical Systems website.

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Mojave Radiation Oncology Center, 18280 Siskiyou Road, Apple Valley, California 92307
Tel: 760.242.9999   Fax: 760.242.1121